Forming a Research Plan for Little Eddy, Part II

Yesterday, I started making a research plan to find out more about Edward Dwyer’s service in the Civil War.  I wrote down what I know of Edward’s early life and his service in the Kansas and Missouri regiments in the Union Army as well as his 1866 entry in a Saint Louis city directory.  This leads me to many questions, which I am going to work on today.

Edward had just turned 15 when he enlisted in the 8th Regiment Kansas Volunteers, Company K,  and was mustered in as a private on 02 Jun 1862.  He was born in Saint Louis, Missouri, and lived there all his life; he was a resident of Saint Louis when he enlisted.  Why did he choose a Kansas regiment?  There were several officers from Saint Louis and Patrick Callahan enlisted the same day as Edward as a private, was promoted to musician and was discharged the same day as Edward.  What was their relationship?  How old was Patrick?  Did he lead Edward into this great adventure?  What did Jeremiah and Anna think of this?  Did they know?  Edward was a young-looking 15 if the photo is any indication.  According to a later muster and description roll when he was 17, he was only 4 feet 8 inches tall.  It is hard to believe that a recruiter would not have known that he was under age!

What information is available for Kansas volunteer regiments?

What happened when Edward and Patrick were discharged in Nashville on 04 Jun 1863?  Did they return to Saint Louis?

Did Edward enlist prior to 29 May 1864?  He would have just turned 17 the week before.  Was this a cut-off for joining?  Did Patrick join again with him, or what happened to him?

Edward’s Muster and Descriptive Roll lists his as plumber.  Did he learn this skill while he was (presumably) home between Jun 1863 and May 1864?

Would the signed order (S.O.) of General Canby exist anywhere?  What type of information would it contain?

Where did Edward go when he deserted?  How long was he gone?  What happened to his drum?  Did a sentence of General Court Martial result in anything other than the loss of pay?

Edward was only back with Company A about six weeks when he was mustered out.  Did he not have to serve the entire three-year period of his enlistment because the war had ended?

Finally, who was A.W. French and what was his relationship to Edward?  What is this card referring to?

If you missed the other parts of Edward’s story, here are links to them:
Military Monday – Little Eddy the Drummer
Military Monday- Edward Dwyer in the Civil War, continued
Tuesday’s Tip — Forming a Research Plan for Little Eddy
or his family’s stories:
Mystery Monday – Jeremiah Dwyer, county Tipperary to Saint Louis, Missouri
Mystery Monday – Anna Rooney, county Clare to Saint Louis, Missouri
Workday Wednesday – Jeremiah was a Drayman


Tuesday’s Tip — Forming a Research Plan for Little Eddy

The last two Mondays I have written about Edward Dwyer in the Civil War, Little Eddy the Drummer and Military Monday- Edward Dwyer in the Civil War, continued.  Yesterday I looked at Edward’s Missouri service, using the Civil War cards which I had downloaded from when I had a subscription.  I didn’t do anything with the information then, but now I’m trying to use my time without subscriptions (this journey of Genealogy in the Recession) to further my research in other ways and to write my family history.  Last Friday, I highlighted some of the things that I learned in Marian Pierre-Louis’ webinar “”Plan Your Way to Research Success.”  Today, I’m going to begin work on creating a Research Plan for Edward Dwyer — feel free to add your comments or e-mail me at with any suggestions.

The first thing about a Research Plan is to focus on one person — Little Eddy — keep the focus narrow — find out about his military service — and write down what I know:

Edward Dwyer, born 22 May 1847, in Saint Louis, Missouri 1

In 1860 Jeremiah Dwyer and his family were living in St Louis Ward 7, St Louis (Independent City), Missouri.  The household included Jerry, 40, drayman, $3000, $400; Ann, 34; Edward, 12; Mary, 9; Laura, 2.  Edward and Mary attended school within the year. 2

8th Kansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company K
mustered in as a private 02 Jun 1862 [age 15]
promoted to musician
discharged 04 Jun 1863, Nashville [age 16]
Patrick Callahan, also resident of St. Louis, same dates 3

7th Regiment Missouri Infantry, Company F
enlisted 29 May 1864, St Louis, musician [age 17]
enrolled for a period of 3 years
bounty due $100, credited 8 ward St Louis
joined as recruit with consent of guardian
mustered in 25 Jun 1864, Memphis
Detached as musician at Gen. Hosp. Nashville Tenn
transfer 04 Dec 1864
11th Regiment Missouri Infantry, Company A
Deserted 30 Sep 1865
Returned from desertion 01 Dec 1865.  Stop one month pay sentence of a G.C.M.
Muster-out 15 Jan 1866, Memphis, Tenn
Clothing Account due soldier $11.77   Bounty paid $180; due $120.
Age 17
Stop one months pay proper sentence of Court Martial.
Stop $5.00 for one drum complete.
Reference to A.W. French 4

1866, Dwyer Edward, student Bryant, Stratton & Carpenter’s College, Olive, cor. 5th 5


1 Baptism record from St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church, on microfilm at the St. Louis County Library, Frontenac

2 U.S. Federal Census, 1860. St Louis Ward 7 , St Louis (Independent City), Missouri, page 169; Online publication – Provo, UT, USA:, Inc., 2004.Original data – United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1860. M653, 1,438 rolls..  Accessed on (date unknown).

3Extracted from Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas, Vol. 1. – 1861-1865.Leavenworth, Kansas: Bulletin Co-operative Printing Company, Chicago. 1867. Eighth Regiment Kansas Volunteers – Infantry, Company K

4 NARA M405 Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations From the State of Missouri, Record Group 94, State: Missouri, Roll 0473, Eleventh Infantry, Cr-D; Roll 0441, Military Unit Seventh Infantry, D-Fi. Accessed on (date unknown).

5 City Directories for St. Louis, Missouri, 1866. Publisher Edwards Greenough & Deved. Page 340. Accessed Sep 2011

Military Monday- Edward Dwyer in the Civil War, continued

Last week I wrote about Edward Dwyer in the 8th Kansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment that served in the Union Army during the Civil War:  Little Eddy the Drummer.  Edward served from 02 Jun 1862 to 04 Jun 1863; he was mustered out in Nashville, Tennessee, having turned sixteen on 22 May.  Did he then go home to Saint Louis?  I’m not really sure.  I’ve been going over the records that I downloaded from (now fold3) some time ago.  I remember being excited to find Edward Dwyer, but something must have taken me away from his story.  Now I don’t have access to those records, and it’s frustrating.  But I’m going to try to put together what I have.

First I made a spreadsheet of his service records (I’m a spreadsheet person, if you haven’t guessed.  I make spreadsheets of everything, including clothing purchases, especially on sale and with a coupon!).

Here is the Muster and Descriptive Roll for Edward Dwyer, Musician:

I love the physical description given:  hazel eyes, dark hair, light complexion, and height 4 feet 8 inches!

Occupation Plumber is an important clue that he is my Edward Dwyer as I have later Saint Louis City Directories where he is listed at the same address as his father Jeremiah and Edward’s occupation is given as plumber.

On the Muster and Descriptive Roll, he is 17 years old, and the remarks state “Joined as a Recruit with consent of Guardian.”  I wish that I had these types of records for Edward’s service in the Kansas Regiment when he had just turned 15 years old!

So, looking at the muster rolls, I am immediately faced with a contradiction:

Although both of these cards clearly state that Edward enlisted 29 May 1864 in St. Louis, Mo, the second card states that he appears on Company Muster Roll for Feb 29/64 to June 30, 1864.  Would the muster roll for the entire company show him as an additional enlistment during this time period?  Or was Edward in the company prior to May?

He continues to be on Muster Roll cards for July & Aug 1864 and Sept & Oct 1864.  The next card for Edward Dwyer, Music, Co F, 7 Reg’t Missouri Inf. is a transfer to 11th Mo Infty.  Roll Dated Nashville Tenn Dec 14, 1864; it gives the same enlistment and muster in information as previous cards.

The next group of cards is for Edward Dwyer, Musician, Company A, 11th Missouri Infantry.  The summary card says “See also 7th Mo Inf.”  On the Muster Roll for Nov & Dec 1864: Joined for duty and enrolled May 29, 1864, St. Louis, Mo, period 3 years; absent; Detached as musc. at Gen. Hosp. Nashville Tenn.  Transferred from 7th Mo Inf Dec 4/64 S.O. 153, Gen Canby”

Edward is present on Muster Roll cards for Jan & Feb 1865, Mar & Apr 1865, May & Jun 1865, July & Aug 1865.  The Sept & Oct 1865 card has remarks:  Deserted Sept 30″/65 and lists the supplies missing (I think): one Shelter Tent, one Drum Complete, one Knapsack Haveret [haversack?] one canteen

On the Nov & Dec 1865 Muster Roll card, Edward is again present.  Remarks:  “Returned from desertion Dec 1″/65.  Stop one month pay sentence of a G.C.M.” [General Court Martial]

The last card is a Muster-out Roll, Co A, 11 Reg’t Missouri Infantry, dated Memphis Tenn Jan 15, 1866.  Muster-out to date Jan 15, 1866.  Last paid to June 30, 1865.  Clothing Account:  due soldier $11.77.  Bounty paid $180; due $120.  Remarks:  “Age 17.  Stop one months pay proper sentence of Court Martial.  Stop $5.00 for one drum complete.”

Looking at all of this information, I definitely need to do more research into the Civil War, especially desertion and court martial.  I think that it was not an uncommon occurrence.   I would love to know more about Edward, Little Eddy:  Where did he go?  Was he gone from Sep 30 to Dec 1 (2 months) or only the one month that they stopped his pay?  Apparently he returned with most of the supplies, but what happened to his drum?

Also, when did Edward enlist in the Missouri Infantry?  He was mustered out of the Kansas Regiment 04 Jun 1863 in Nashville.  Did he remain in Tennessee until he joined a Missouri unit, or did he return to his family in Saint Louis?  The Muster and Descriptive Roll says that he enlisted in St Louis, Mo, May 29, 1864, but was mustered in June 25, 1864, in Memphis.  And then, there is the Muster Roll for Feb 29, 1864!

Edward enrolled for a period of 3 years.  He was mustered out of the 11 Reg’t Missouri Infantry, Co A, on Jan 15, 1866 so he did not complete his three years.  Were enrollment periods adjusted once the War ended?

There is also the question of Patrick Callahan, the other musician from St Louis who was mustered into the Kansas Regiment on the same date as Edward and also discharged at the same time in Nashville.  I would like to check the Civil War records to find if Patrick also joined the Missouri Infantry companies that Edward did.

And one final intriguing card, that I must have overlooked the first time:

Who might this be?  And is there any connection to my French family?


National Archives Catalog Title:  Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War, compiled 1890-1912, documenting the period 1861-1866
Publication Number: M405
Record Group 94
State:  Missouri
Roll 0473, Eleventh Infantry, Cr-D
Roll 0441, Military Unit Seventh Infantry, D-Fi
Accessed from, date unknown

Military Monday – Little Eddy the Drummer

Edward Dwyer, born 22 May 1847, enlisted in the 8th Regiment Kansas Volunteers, Company K,  and was mustered in as a private 02 Jun 1862.  He was barely 15 years old. Edward was born in Saint Louis and had lived there all his life so I wondered why he enlisted with the Kansas Volunteers to fight in the Civil War.  The table below shows that the captains and several other officers were also from St. Louis.

Edward was promoted to the rank of Musician.   He was mustered out 04 Jun 1863 in Nashville, Tennessee.  Patrick Callahan, also a resident of St. Louis, enlisted and was discharged on the same dates as Edward; he was also promoted to Musician — this is an avenue I definitely need to explore further.

Source:  Extracted from Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas, Vol. 1. – 1861-1865.Leavenworth, Kansas: Bulletin Co-operative Printing Company, Chicago. 1867.  Eighth Regiment Kansas Volunteers – Infantry, Company K   [Note that I clipped pieces important to Edward’s service to create this table.]

The following, from the Wikipedia article 8th Regiment Kansas Volunteer Infantry, is a detailed service listing of Company K during the time Edward was with them.

1862.  Companies B, E, H, I and K moved from Leavenworth to Columbus, Ky., May 28-June 2, and to Union City, Tenn., June 8-11. To Trenton, Tenn., June 16-17. To Humboldt, Tenn., June 26, and to Corinth, Miss., July 2-3. Companies B, E, H, I, and K moved from Corinth, Miss., to Jacinto July 22, 1862, and to Eastport, Miss., August 3-5. March to Nashville, Tenn., August 18-September 4, thence to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg September 11-26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-16. Near Perryville October 6-7. Battle of Perryville October 8. Lancaster October 14. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7. Reconnaissance toward Franklin December 9. Near Brentwood December 9. Assigned to provost duty at Nashville December 18, 1862 to June 9, 1863.

Edward’s 16th birthday was shortly before he was mustered out.  What more can be said than he had certainly had an eventful year.

It seems likely that this photo was from early in his Civil War service.  My daughter said that he looks like he is about five.  I think he could easily be mistaken for a little boy playing dress-up, playing at being a soldier in a war — not serving in the Civil War.

The photo is in the possession of a cousin who is a descendant of Edward’s half sister Cecilia Dwyer Weaver; Celia is a sister of my great grandmother Laura Dwyer French.  If you’d like to read more about Edward and his parents, see Mystery Monday – Jeremiah Dwyer, county Tipperary to Saint Louis, Missouri or select the Category “Dwyer” under “Surnames” in the drop down list to find additional posts on Jeremiah and on my great grandmother Anna Rooney Dwyer.

Next Monday I’ll continue Edward’s Civil War service with his enlistment in a Missouri regiment.

Workday Wednesday – Jeremiah was a Drayman

Draymanthe driver of a dray, a low, flat-bed wagon without sides, pulled generally by horses or mules that were used for transport of all kinds of goods [Wikipedia]

My gg grandfather Jeremiah Dwyer was a drayman in the mid 1800s in Saint Louis, Missouri, according to the 1850 and 1860 census.  Saint Louis directories in the 1860s list him as a porter for Pottle & Bayley in 1864 and then M.L. Pottle & Co in most of the remaining years.

From Kennedy’s 1860 St. Louis Directory:
Pottle & Bayley, (Moses S. Pottle and Romanzo Bayley), com. butter and cheese, 3 and 4 N. Levee

By the 1870 census, Jeremiah is listed as an “R&C mcht” (I think) and I have no idea what this means.  Suggestions, anyone?  The value of real estate given in the 1870 census is $5,000 and personal estate $2,000, which seems like a lot of money.

Jeremiah’s son Edward Dwyer was a student at Bryant, Stratton & Carpenter’s College in the 1866 St Louis Directory, a plumber in 1868 and a student at Bryant & Stratton College in 1869.  The 1870 census lists his occupation as plasterer.

I’m not sure how common it was to go to this type of college or how expensive it was.  I hope someday to learn a little more about their lives during this time period.

But now I’m singing “Jeremiah was a Drayman” to the tune of “Jeremiah was a bullfrog” and I need to get that out of my head!

Mystery Monday – Anna Rooney, county Clare to Saint Louis, Missouri

Last Monday I wrote about the mystery of my gg grandfather Jeremiah Dwyer‘s early life in county Tipperary and his immigration to the U.S.  This week it’s his wife’s turn.  Anna Rooney was born in county Clare about 1823.  Her immigration to the U.S. and her early life in New York City is a mystery, as is how and when she moved to Saint Louis.

The first documented evidence we have of Anna is her marriage to Jeremiah Dwyer in Saint Louis, Missouri, on 27 Sep 1849 at Saint Francis Xavier Church.  Her parents’ names are given:  Patrick Rooney and Elisabeth Young.

As I wrote last week, Jeremiah was a widower with a three-year-old son when he married Anna.  Anna and Jeremiah had seven daughters but only three lived past early childhood.  There may be clues in the sponsors for the children but as of today I haven’t been able to learn any more about them. Their surnames were Dwyer, Young, Burke, Hayden and Hearn.

Most of what we know about Anna and Jeremiah comes from one of their granddaughters, Celia.  Quite a bit is in a letter she wrote to her cousin, my grandmother, in 1962.  Anna lived with Celia’s family for several years before she died, and they had the photograph of Anna above.   My grandmother’s mother, Laura, died when my grandmother was only four years old so she did not remember any stories about her grandparents.

Here is a portion of Celia’s letter:

Our grandfather came from Tipperary.  My mother said he was a very religious man and very good to them.  Our grandmother came from County Clare.  Her father’s name was Rooney, and her mother’s name was Young.  I gathered that the Youngs were well off.  Our grandmother was a twin and her mother and the other baby died when she was born.  She was raised for a few years by her mother’s people, but as they were not Catholics, her father took her to his sister in New York City–where she was raised.  How they both got to St. Louis, I don’t know.

I also do not know if Anna’s father stayed in the U.S. — and I don’t know the name of his sister.  Jeremiah’s death notice in 1875 requested that New York state newspapers copy the notice so it is possible that Anna still had relatives there.  At her death in 1887, only Boston newspapers were requested to copy the notice.

I have not been able to find any information about the Rooneys on passenger lists.  I don’t know what part of county Clare they might have been from.  So Anna and her father Patrick Rooney’s journey to the U.S. remains a mystery.  If anyone has any suggestions as to how to solve the mystery, please comment here or e-mail me at

Mystery Monday – Jeremiah Dwyer, county Tipperary to Saint Louis, Missouri

There are a lot of mysteries involving my gg grandfather, Jeremiah Dwyer, and some of them we have actually solved.  The family story was that Jeremiah was a widower with a three-year-old son when he married my gg grandmother Anna Rooney.  They were married in Saint Louis, Missouri, and had a lot of daughters, but only three survived.

It was said that the son’s name was also Jeremiah and that he was born in Ireland.  My grandmother had said that the young Jeremiah went to New Orleans and died there.  That was all that was known.  If Jeremiah had married in Ireland and had a son there, then their arrival to the U.S. would have occurred in the late 1840s.  How much of this was accurate?

We found two marriages in the index of St. Louis Marriages 1804-1876 in the appropriate time frame:
Jeremiah Dwyer                                           Jeremiah Dwyer
Anna McGangain                                           Ann Rooney
03 Aug 1846                                                  19 Oct 1850

For many years we were not sure what to make of these records.  Mary, the oldest daughter of Jeremiah and Anna, was born Aug 1850.   We were pretty sure that Anna’s maiden name was Rooney, but in the family story she was brought to New York City to be raised by an aunt [I’ll write more about Anna in another post].  Could she have gone by the name McGangain?  Another perplexing point was that we couldn’t find any other McGangains anywhere.  We were stumped.

Later I found this 1850 Census for Jeremiah and Anna:

There was the three year old son, named Edward, and a daughter Mary, 3/12 — both were born in Missouri.

Fast-forward to a Friday afternoon.  I was visiting my parents, and my mother and I were able to go to the St. Louis County Library.  There we found microfilm with the marriage of Jeremiah Dwyer and Ann Rooney (and, it really was late afternoon Friday when we found the records!):

According to the marriage record, Jeremiah and Ann Rooney’s marriage took place 27 Sep 1849.  The register where the marriage was filed and recorded by the state, however, gave a different date: 19 Oct 1849 (filed 18 Jan 1850 and recorded 19 Jan 1850).

The date in the index that I had found early on in my search was 19 Oct 1850.  With Mary’s birth 04 Aug 1850, 1849 was obviously correct.  Proof positive to never trust the index!

The marriage record for my gg grandparents also included the names of their parents:  Timothy Dwyer and Mary Ryan (possibly Regan, the handwriting is hard to read); and Patrick Rooney and Elisabeth Young.  My mother and I were so excited; we never imagined that we would find that information!

A witness to the marriage was Bernard Young.  Was he related to Anna Rooney’s mother?

We also found baptisms for Edward and for Mary:

Edward’s mother was Ann McGanagan; Mary’s was Ann Rooney.  So both marriages were for my gg grandfather.  He was a widower with an (approximately) three-year-old son; but the son was born in Missouri and was named Edward.

Sponsors for Edward’s baptism were Franciscus (?) Young and Anna Cecilia McGanagan (possibly?).  Sponsors’ surnames for Jeremiah and Anna Rooney’s children were Dwyer, Young, Burke, Hayden and Hearn.  I have not been able to find any of them or determine their connection.

Jeremiah’s death notice, Nov 1875, in the St. Louis Globe-Democrat called him “a native of county Tipperary, Ireland” and gave his age as 65.  It asked newspapers in New York state and Denver (Col.) to please copy the death notice.  Who might have been in these locations?  Could Edward have been in Denver?  I have not been able to find him in New Orleans or anywhere else after the 1870 Census and an 1870 St. Louis directory.

To recap:

  • Jeremiah was from county Tipperary, born about 1810.  He could have been born later, as census records indicate birth years of 1817 to 1820.
  • His parents were Timothy Dwyer and Mary Ryan or Regan.
  • He was in Saint Louis, Missouri, before Aug 1846 when he married Ann McGanagan (this date is from the marriage index) — their son Edward was born 22 May 1847 and baptized 03 Jun 1847.

Some of my questions are:

  • When did Jeremiah come to the U.S.?
  • Did any family come with him?
  • When did he arrive in Saint Louis?
  • Who was in New York City?  Who was in Denver?

These questions and his early life in Ireland are all a mystery.  I hope someday to find the answers.